TBT Trong khi các nhà quy hoach giao thông đang loay quay giải quyết vấn nạn kẹt xe đô thị bằng những biện pháp “hành chánh” manh mún. Họ vẫn luôn hướng suy nghĩ kẹt xe là do quá nhiều xe máy, nên chăm chăm vào việc hạn chế hay cấm. Nhiều nới còn thu hẹp vỉa hè để rộng đường xe cộ, nhưng quên mất là khi làm như thế người đi bộ sẽ tràn xuống đường.
Các nhà khoa học về giao thông chỉ rõ: chính quy hoạch hạ tầng cơ sở kém cõi là đầu mối của vấn đềkẹt xe.
DRIVING IN VIETNAM: FOUR WHEELS GOOD, TWO WHEELS BETTER
A proliferation of cars threatens to clog Vietnam’s big cities
Jam today and probably jam tomorrow
CARS and motorbikes are banned from the old heart of Hoi An, a pretty tourist town in central Vietnam. When the country’s newish prime minister paid a visit, he obligingly travelled on foot. But as Nguyen Xuan Phuc strode manfully around, his motorcade crept along behind him. Outraged netizens disseminated photos of the incident, forcing Mr Phuc to apologise—a rare step for a senior official in Vietnam’s authoritarian regime.
Not many Vietnamese can afford a fleet of blacked-out saloons. But car-ownership in the communist country is soaring, bringing worries about pollution and congestion. Sales of cars, vans and lorries rose 55% by volume in 2015, albeit from a low base; so far this year they are up another third. Most went to Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, which between them house about half of Vietnam’s urban population.
New urban rail systems should help a little. The first of at least six metro lines is under construction in Ho Chi Minh City; two elevated railways are being built in Hanoi. But it will take years to complete these networks, and the fast-growing cities they will serve are transforming as they are built. Hanoi in particular is sprawling, helped along by policies that encourage local authorities to build outward, rather than up.
City officials are making do. Bigwigs in Ho Chi Minh City talk of narrowing pavements to widen roads; Hanoi insists more and better buses are revving up. In June cadres in the capital said they thought improvements in public transport would eventually allow them to ban Hanoi’s 5m motorbikes from the heart of the city. It would be better to ban cars.